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Genotyping: Meaning, Relevance and Uses

Genotyping is the basis of personalized medicine. Each of us is unique. This means that the approach to human health must also be unique. With genotyping, you can make a genetic health passport. Today, scientists can “read” your genes and give instructions on how to use your body and the potential that you have, so that you can manage the quality and duration of your life today.

With genotyping, you can:

  • Timely identify a predisposition to diseases;
  • Develop preventive measures to preserve your health;
  • Reveal genetically inherent hidden abilities.

DNA analysis is relevant in a number of cases:

  • Diagnostics of hereditary diseases;
  • Diagnostics of genetic predispositions not only to various diseases and pathological conditions, but also to various types of activities and sports;
  • Building a personalized treatment regimen, determining the optimal individual dosages of drugs, determining the presence or absence of tolerance of a number of drugs;
  • Establishment of paternity and biological relationship;
  • Personal identification in various difficult situations;
  • Diagnostics of male and female infertility;
  • Diagnosis of miscarriage;
  • Preparation for pregnancy and IVF.

The genotype of a person does not change throughout his/her life, therefore genotyping according to the selected list of genes is enough to carry out once.

As a result of genotyping, you can:

  • Reveal the absence or presence of hereditary diseases;
  • Avoid ineffective treatment;
  • Save time and save money;
  • Determine susceptibility to a variety of diseases such as cancer, diabetes, coronary heart disease and many others. And he who is forewarned is armed.

Thus:

  • Knowing that you have a predisposition to a particular disease, you can delay its onset or even avoid it altogether by correcting your diet, lifestyle, timely examinations and recommendations of specialists;
  • One can also correctly calculate the dosage of drugs such as warfarin and oral contraceptives, a number of anticancer drugs, which is not only useful, but also often vital for patients;
  • In obstetrics and gynecology, genotyping can and should help in planning and managing pregnancy (to assess the risks of thrombophilia and prevent miscarriages and IVF failures);
  • It can be used to assess the risks of developing cancer in women;
  • Genotyping can also help reveal metabolic disorders in children and adults with a genetic nature, including before the onset of their clinical manifestation – type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, determination of individual tissue sensitivity to hormones;
  • In neurology and psychiatry, it is used to identify a genetic predisposition to addictions (alcoholic, narcotic, nicotine); determine the nature of hyperactivity in children; identify hereditary neurological diseases, such as multiple sclerosis, amyotrophy, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease.
  • Finally, it is used to reveal a predisposition to various sports in adults and children. In addition, genotyping for genetic polymorphisms associated with increased injury to certain groups of ligaments, muscles and bones can help ordinary sports enthusiasts to choose the types of sports that are suitable for them.

Thus, today patients can be treated according to the same regimens for all to personalized medicine. Personalized medicine is a targeted diagnosis and treatment of a patient in accordance with the results of a study of his/her genetic profile.

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